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Kilty's Land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide
Volume 73, Page 20   View pdf image (33K)
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appointed William Fuller, Richard Preston, and eight
others to be Commissioners " for the well ordering, directing
" and governing the affairs of Maryland under his highness the
" Lord Protector ;" in consequence of which Commission the
provincial records were delivered up to Durand, the new
Secretary, and all power withdrawn from Lord Baltimore and his
officers. Previous to this final seizure of the government by
Cromwell, the contentions between the friends to the new
order of things, and those of the Proprietary had arisen to an
open rupture, and a civil war ensued, which after some
skirmishes was ended by a decisive engagement, in which, Lord
Baltimore's Governor, Captain William Stone, being
defeated, was taken prisoner, and condemned to be shot; but the
sentence was not executed, owing to the refusal of the
soldiers, on account of their respect for his character, and the
benefits many of them had received from him, to perform it.
He underwent, however, a long and rigorous confinement.
In the mean time, the Government of Cromwell's
Commissioners was not wise and temperate enough to preserve the
public tranquility, which was again disturbed, in the year
1656, by an insurrection set on foot by Josias Fendall, a man as
restless and intriguing as Cleyborne: but this commotion served
only, in its suppression, to encrease the rigour of the new
administration, and the Province continued in a very distracted state,
when, in the year 1658, the Government was, upon articles
previously agreed on, surrendered by the Commissioners to
Fendall, whom the Proprietary, judging of his zeal from the
turbulence of his character, had appointed Governor of the
Province. The defection of this man is the last historical
incident of which I shall for the present take notice: upon the
Assembly's meeting in 1659, he continued, by a deep wrought
intrigue, to dissolve the upper House, and surrendered to
the Burgesses his remaining powers under Lord Baltimore,
whose authority in Maryland it was the object of this
unexampled proceeding wholly to destroy: In pursuance of this
design, he accepted from the lower House a Commission as
Governor; Gerrard and Utye, his confederates in the scheme, and
Slye the Speaker of the House, being appointed his Council.
He continued not long, however, to exercise the power so
illegitimately acquired. The Proprietary having, on
information of his treachery, appointed his Brother Philip Calvert
Governor; Fendall was tried and found guilty of high
treason, but in the end punished only by a pecuniary fine and an
incapacity for future places of trust. Having brought this
imperfect sketch to a period at which the affairs of Maryland
began to assume some appearance of stability, for the
restoration of Charles II. confirmed the reinstatement of the
Proprietary in his Government, which from thenceforth continued

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Kilty's Land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide
Volume 73, Page 20   View pdf image (33K)
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