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Kilty's Land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide
Volume 73, Page 92   View pdf image (33K)
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Before we proceed to develope the practice in regard to
resurveys, and the various other particulars which remain to be
examined, it will be proper to notice such matters as were
peculiar to grants of Manors, and to give some account of
those lands which were either appropriated in fact to the use
of the Proprietary by that denomination, or provisionally set
apart by his direction by the name of Reserves. In regard
to these last I shall just remark, for the present, that the
Proprietary, as absolute lord and owner of the soil, assumed the
right of reserving for his own use such tracts or quantities of
land as he thought proper. The exercise of this privilege,
however, had not always for its end the actual appropriation
of the lands in question to the use of the Proprietary, but
served indirectly to confine surveys and settlements to those
parts of the Province in which it was desired they should
take place, and in particular to keep them sufficiently
separated from the districts still occupied by the different tribes
of Indians with which the colony was surrounded.
Accordingly when a reserve had been laid with either of those views
and had answered its purpose, it was taken off, and surveys
permitted on those lands as elsewhere. To enumerate
all the reserves which were laid under the Proprietary
government, with their respective times of duration, would be
a task of some difficulty and of no great use. It is not even
proposed to give a list of all the Manors which were from
time to time erected, many of these having been, as the
records term it, let fall at very early periods, so that no trace
probably remains of them in the quarters in which they
existed; a few references however will be given in each case and
such Manors and reserves as remained in the hands of the
Proprietary at the time of the revolution will in a succeeding
part of this work claim particular notice, as composing a
distinct branch of the property to which the State of Maryland
then succeeded, and the disposition of which formed and
still forms the principal object of the Land Office

    Reserves, as has been stated, were, simply, parcels of land
on which the execution of Warrants was interdicted. They
were sometimes however marked out by actual surveys in the
name of the Proprietary, but were more generally only
designated in the first instance by some adequate description. Of
Manors there were three kinds, distinct at least in their
circumstances; viz, those erected in the name and for the use of
the Lord Proprietary, and for which, as a man does not
convey to himself, grants or patents, did not pass; those which
were erected by the special orders of the Proprietary for the
benefit of his relations, &c. with particular conditions and
privileges; and those which assumed that name, agreeably

Source: John Kilty. Land Holder's Assistant and Land Office Guide.
Baltimore: G. Dobbin & Murphy, 1808. MSA L 25529.

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Kilty's Land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide
Volume 73, Page 92   View pdf image (33K)
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