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Maryland Manual, 1959-60
Volume 168, Page 728   View pdf image (33K)
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[View page image for photographs]  

The Great Seal of Maryland

Maryland State Flag

The State Flower

THE Black eyed Susan is the flower emblem of the
State of Maryland (Chapter 458, Acts of 1918)

MARYLANDS flag bears the arms of the Calvert and
Crossland families Calvert was the family name
of the Lords Baltimore who founded Maryland Crossland

was the family of the mother of the first Lord
Baltimore The escutcheon or shield in the Maryland
Seal bears the same arms This flag seems to have been
used from the beginning of the colony although it was
not adopted officially until recently (Chapter 48 Acts
of 1904)

*

THE GREAT SEAL

THE Great Seal of Maryland is used by the Governor
and the Secretary of State to authenticate the Acts
of the Legislature and for other official purposes The
first Great Seal was brought over during the early days
of the Colony It was very much like the one pictured
above and it remained in use although slightly altered
until the Revolution The State of Maryland adopted a
new seal similar in form and spirit to those of the other
states After the passage of a hundred years Maryland
readopted its old seal (Joint Resolution No 5 Legislative

Session of 1876) Only the Reverse of this seal has
ever been cut The Obverse is however still considered
as part of the seal and is used among other things for
decorating public buildings

Obverse

THE Obveise of the Seal shows Lord Baltimore as a
'-'Knight in full armor mounted on a charger The
inscription translated from Latin into English is Cecil
lus Absolute Lord of Maryland and Avalon Baron of
Baltimore Avalon was the name of Lord Baltimore s
grant in Newfoundland

Reverse

THE Reverse consists of an escutcheon or shield bear

ing the Calvert and Crossland arms quartered
Above this is an earls coronet and a full faced helmet
The escutcheon is supported on one side by a farmer
and on the other by i fisherman symbolizing Lord
Baltimore s two estates of Maryland and Avalon The
Calvert motto on the scroll is usually translated manly
deeds womanly words The Latin legend on the bor
der is translated with favor wilt thou compass us as
with a shield (Psalms v 12)

The Great Seal of Maryland

REVERSE

The State Bird

The Baltimore Oriole is the official Maryland Bird
Although itwas not so designated by the Maryland
Legislature until 1947 (Chapter 54 Acts of 1947)
special provisions had been made for its protection
since 1882 (Chaplei 154 Acts of 1882)

 

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Maryland Manual, 1959-60
Volume 168, Page 728   View pdf image (33K)
 Jump to  
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