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Maryland Manual, 1965-66
Volume 172, Page 21   View pdf image (33K)
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Population—Estimated, 3,548,320 in 1965; ranked 19th among the
Area—In square miles; land, 9,874; inland water, 703; Chesapeake
Bay, 1,726; total, 12,303. Ranks 42nd among the states.
Physiography—Divided into three provinces with progressively higher
altitudes from east to west; Coastal Plain province extends from
Atlantic Ocean to Fall Line; Piedmont or "Foothill," province from
Fall Line to crest of the Blue Ridge Mountains; Appalachian
province from crest of Blue Ridge Mountains to western boundary
of State. Mean elevation, 350 feet; maximum elevation, 3,360 feet
on Backbone Mountain.
Chesapeake Bay—185 miles long with 1,726 square miles in Maryland
and 1,611 square miles in Virginia. Varies in width from 3 to 20
miles. Navigable for ocean-going ships and has two outlets to the
Atlantic Ocean, one through the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal,
one through the mouth of the Bay between the Virginia capes.
Chief Rivers—Navigable to cruisers and other pleasure craft:
Potomac, Patuxent, South, Severn, Magothy, Patapsco, Gunpowder,
Bush, Northeast, Elk, Bohemia, Sassafras, Chester, Wye, Miles,
Tred Avon, Choptank, Little Choptank, Nanticoke, Wicomico and
Water Frontage—15 of the 23 counties border on tidal water. Length
of the tidal shore line, including the shore of islands, 3,190 miles.
Forest Area—2,586,016 acres, or about 46 per cent of the land surface.
Chief forest products are lumber, pulpwood and piling. Twelve
State forests and one State forest nursery cover 124,519 acres.
State Parks—Twenty-five State parks containing 30,387 acres in-
clude ocean beaches, Chesapeake Bay shore, dense forests, and high
mountains. Parks provide cabins, campsites, fishing, swimming,
boating, hiking, and mountain climbing.
Manufactures, 196,3—Number of establishments, 3,451; total em-
ployees, 263,709; total payroll, $1,550,013,000; value added by manu-
factures, $2,977,013,000. Most important manufactures: Food and
kindred products, printing and publishing, apparel, fabricated metal
products, machinery, chemicals and allied products.
Agriculture, 1962—25,600 farms covering 3,650,000 acres. Total farm
receipts, $296,374,000. Most valuable farm products: poultry and
poultry products, $83,656,000; dairy products, $74.368,000; cattle
and calves, $29,720,000; tobacco, $19,006,000; vegetable and melons,
$17,405,000; corn, $15,263,000; soybeans, $13,001,000; fruits,
Seafood Production, 1963—Fish, 21,115,898 pounds, value, $1,439,357;
crabs, 19,039,760 pounds, value, $1,904,361; oysters, 1,620,294 U. S.
bushels, value, $5,568,312; soft clams, 571,585 U. S. bushels, value,
$1,573,749; hard clams, 61,447 U. S. bushels, value, $253,509; total
value of fishery products, $10,761,241.
Mineral Production, 1963—Stone, 13,012,000 short tons, value, $26,-
407,000; sand and gravel, 13,310,000 short tons, value, $16,063,000;
coal, 1,162,000 short tons, value, $4,330,000; clays, 580,000 short tons,
value, $497,000; natural gas, 1,723,000,000 cubic feet, value, $438,000;
other minerals, value, $22,113,000; total value, $70,248,000.

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Maryland Manual, 1965-66
Volume 172, Page 21   View pdf image (33K)
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