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Maryland Manual, 1967-68
Volume 173, Page 19   View pdf image (33K)
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Population—Estimated, 3,548,320 in 1965; ranked 19th among the
Area—In square miles; land, 9,874; inland water, 703; Chesapeake
Bay, 1,726; total, 12,303, Ranks 42nd among the states.
Physiography—Divided into three provinces with progressively higher
altitudes from east to west; Coastal Plain province extends from
Atlantic Ocean to Fall Line; Piedmont or "Foothill," province from
Fall Line to crest of the Blue Ridge Mountains; Appalachian
province from crest of Blue Ridge Mountains to western boundary
of State. Mean elevation, 350 feet; maximum elevation, 3,360 feet
on Backbone Mountain.
Chesapeake Bay—185 miles long with 1,726 square miles in Maryland
and 1,511 square miles in Virginia. Varies in width from 3 to 20
miles. Navigable for ocean-going ships and has two outlets to the
Atlantic Ocean, one through the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal,
one through the mouth of the Bay between the Virginia capes.
Boating Waters—Twenty-three rivers and bays with more than 400
miles of water tributary to the Chesapeake Bay; Chincoteague Bay
with 35 miles of water accessible to and from the Atlantic Ocean.
Water Frontage—15 of the 23 counties border on tidal water. Length
of the tidal shore line, including the shore of islands, 3,190 miles.
Forest Area—2,586,016 acres, or about 46 per cent of the land surface.
Chief forest products are lumber, pulpwood and piling. Twelve
State forests and one State forest nursery cover 124,519 acres.
State Parks and Recreation Areas—Twenty-nine State parks covering
84,385 acres; 30 lakes and ponds open to public fishing; 12 State
forests open to public hunting.
Manufactures, 1963—Number of establishments 3,519; total employees
263,672; total payroll $1,549,834,000, total value added by manufac-
ture $3,001,468,000. Most important manufactures: primary metal
industries, food and kindred products, transportation equipment,
electrical machinery, chemical and allied products, apparel and
related products.
Agriculture, 1964—20,760 farms covering 3,180,696 acres. Total farm
receipts $275,904,017. Most valuable farm products: poultry and
poultry products, $80,656,514; livestock products other than poultry,
$71,730,603; crops, including horticultural and forest products,
$93,036,205. Most valuable crops: corn, $34,328,188; tobacco, $19,600,-
144; vegetables and potatoes, $12,090,346; soybeans, $8,149,445;
fruits, berries and nuts, $4,932,619.
Mineral Products, 1965— Stone, 14,553,000 short tons, value $28,432,000;
sand and gravel, 16,200,000 short tons, value $21,188,000; bituminous
coal, 1,210,000 short tons, value $4,389,000; clays, 914,000 short
tons, value $1,088,000; lime, 37,294,000 short tons, value $481,000;
natural gas, 408 million cubic feet, value $103,000; all mineral
products, value $77,995,000.
Seafood Production, 1965— Fish, 35,030,000 pounds, value $1,650,000;
crabs, 34,692,000 pounds, value $3,434,000; oysters, 1,842,352 U. S.
bushels, value $6,406,000; soft clams, 637,867 U. S. bushels, value
$1,548,310; all fishery products, total value $13,220,000.

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Maryland Manual, 1967-68
Volume 173, Page 19   View pdf image (33K)
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