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Maryland Manual, 1971-72
Volume 175, Page 29   View pdf image (33K)
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Population—3,922,399 in 1970; ranked 18th among the states in 1970.
Area—In square miles; land, 9,874; inland water, 703; Chesapeake
Bay, 1,726; total, 12,303. Ranks 42nd among the states.
Physiography—Divided into three provinces with progressively higher
altitudes from east to west; Coastal Plain province extends from
Atlantic Ocean to Fall Line; Piedmont or "Foothill," province from
Fall Line to crest of the Catoctin Mountains; Appalachian province
from crest of Catoctin Mountains to western boundary of State.
Mean elevation, 360 feet; maximum elevation, 3,360 feet on Back-
bone Mountain.
Chesapeake Bay—195 miles long with 1,726 square miles in Maryland
and 1,611 square miles in Virginia. Varies in width from 3 to 20
miles. Navigable for ocean-going ships and has two outlets to the
Atlantic Ocean, one through the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal,
one through the mouth of the Bay between the Virginia capes.
Boating Waters—Twenty-three rivers and bays with more than 400
miles of water tributary to the Chesapeake Bay; Chincoteagne Bay
with 35 miles of water accessible to and from the Atlantic Ocean.
Water Frontage—17 of the 23 counties and Baltimore City border on
tidal water. Length of the tidal shore line, including the shore of
islands, 3,190 miles.
Forest Area—2,964,000 acres, or about 47 per cent of the land surface.
Chief forest products are lumber, pulpwood and piling. Eleven State
forests and one State forest nursery cover 128,049 acres.
State Parks and Recreation Areas—Thirty-one operational State
parks covering 60,000 acres; 67 lakes and ponds open to public
fishing; II State forests open to public hunting; 26 wildlife manage-
ment areas open to public hunting covering 59,180 acres; four
refuges and one game farm contain 845 acres.
Manufactures, 1967—Number of establishments 3,401; total employees
287,600; total payroll $1,956,000,000; total value added by manufac-
tures $3,781,300,000. Most important manufactures: primary metal
products, food and kindred products, chemical and allied products;
transportation equipment, and printing and publishing, electrical
equipment and supplies, fabricated metal products.
Agriculture, 1968—19,500 farms covering 3,300,000 acres. Total farm
receipts $353,291,000. Most valuable farm products: poultry and
poultry products, $105,483,000; livestock products, other than poul-
try, $129,926,000; crops, including horticultural and forest products,
$111,105,000. Most valuable crops: corn, $22,146,000; tobacco,
$19,990,000; vegetables and potatoes, $24,997,000; soybeans,
$12,192,000; fruits, nuts, and berries, $6,968,000.
Mineral Production, 1969—Stone, 15,067,000 short tons, value
$30,504,000; sand and gravel, 14,230,000 short tons, value $21,226,000;
bituminous coal, 1,368,000 short tons, value $5,261,000; clays, 1,152,000
short tons, value $1,369,000; natural gas, 978 million cubic feet,
value $248,000; peat 4,481 short tons, value $78,000; value of all
mineral production which cannot be itemized separately $24,797,000;
total value of all mineral production $83,483,000.

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Maryland Manual, 1971-72
Volume 175, Page 29   View pdf image (33K)
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