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Maryland Manual, 1975-76
Volume 177, Page 7   View pdf image (33K)
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SUPPLEMENT 1975-1976 7
Population—3,922,399 in 1970 census; ranked 18th among the states.
Area—In square miles: land, 9,874; inland water, 703; Chesapeake
Bay, 1,726; total, 12,303. Ranks 42nd among the states.
Physiography—Divided into three provinces with progressively higher
altitudes from east to west; Coastal Plain province extends from
Atlantic Ocean to Fall Line; Piedmont or "Foothill," province from
Fall Line to crest of the Catoctin Mountains; Appalachian province
from crest of Catoctin Mountains to western boundary of State.
Mean elevation, 350 feet; maximum elevation, 3,360 feet on Back-
bone Mountain.
Chesapeake Bay—195 miles long with 1,726 square miles in Maryland
an 1,511 square miles in Virginia. Varies in width from 3 to 20
miles. Navigable for ocean-going ships and has two outlets to the
Atlantic Ocean, one through the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal,
one through the mouth of the Bay between the Virginia capes.
Boating Waters—Twenty-three rivers and bays with more than 400
miles of water tributary to the Chesapeake Bay; Chincoteague Bay
with 35 miles of water accessible to and from the Atlantic Ocean.
Water Frontage—Sixteen of the 23 counties and Baltimore City
border on tidal water. Length of tidal shoreline, including islands,
3,190 miles.
Forest Area—More than 2,970,000 acres, or approximately 47 per cent
of the land surface. Chief forest products are lumber, pulpwood and
piling. Eleven State forests and one State forest nursery cover
118,362 acres.
State Parks and Recreation Areas—Thirty-four operational State
parks covering 63,525 acres; 66 lakes and ponds open to public
fishing; 10 State forests and portions of nine State parks open to
public hunting; 31 wildlife management areas covering 64,799
acres open to public hunting; 3 natural environment areas con-
taining approximately 5,700 acres.
Manufactures, 1972—Number of establishments, 3,408; total em-
ployees, 262,000; total payroll, $2,347,400,000; total value added by
manufactures, $4,686,400,000. Most important manufactures: food
and kindred products, primary metal products, electric and elec-
tronic products; transportation equipment; chemical and allied
products, machinery (except electrical).
Agriculture, 1973—18,000 farms covering 2,970,000 acres. Total farm
receipts, $577,454,000; Most valuable farm products: poultry and
poultry products, $177,707,000; field crops, $147,676,000; dairy prod-
ucts, $114,954,000; value of crops: corn, $58,187,000; soybeans,
$50,462,000; vegetables, $20,178,000; tobacco, $20,076,000; fruits,
nuts and berries, $7,919,000; value of livestock products: cattle,
$43,915,000; hogs, $20,800,000; eggs, $18,200,000; workers on farms,

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Maryland Manual, 1975-76
Volume 177, Page 7   View pdf image (33K)
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