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Reports of Cases in the High Court of Chancery of Maryland 1846-1854
Volume 200, Volume 2, Page 3   View pdf image (33K)
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BRADFORD & WILLIAMS VS WILLIAMS. 3
But it is urged in this case, that though George Williams, the
husband, could not himself be examined as a witness, because
his wife is pecuniarily interested, yet his books and papers may
be inspected, and their contents if they contain evidence ad-
verse to her, may be used against her. The argument is, that
George Williams, under the circumstances of this case, must
be regarded as the agent of his wife, and that any declarations
or statements made by him, oral or in writing, in relation to the
transaction referred to, must be considered as made by her, and
may be used in evidence against her, as her own declarations
or statements might be.
I have been furnished with no authority, nor have I been
able to find any case, in which the husband has been treated
as the agent of his wife, though cases may readily be found,
in which the wife has acted as the agent of the husband, and
her representations as such have been received in evidence
against him. 1 Philips' Ev., 71. 2 Starkie Ev., 403.
2 Kent Corn., 179.
And there are a class of cases in which, without proving any
express authority on the part of the wife to act for the husband,
her declarations have been admitted as evidence against him.
Such, for example, as the case reported in 1 Strange, 527,
where in an action brought for nursing the defendant's child,
the Chief Justice admitted evidence on the part of the plain-
tiff, that the defendant's wife had represented the agreement
to be for so much per week, because, as he remarked, such
matters are usually entrusted to the woman.
My impression is, that no case can be found, in which the
husband has been so far regarded as the agent of the wife, as
that his declarations can be received in evidence against her.
But assuming the contrary to be true, I should still think,
the entries in the books and papers called for, would not be
admissable to affect the interests of the wife.
The rule which admits as evidence the declarations or rep-
resentations of an agent, is, like most other rules, subject to
limitations and restrictions. Such declarations or representa-
tions must be made in the course of and accompanying the
transaction which is the subject of inquiry. When thus made
by an agent, acting within the scope of his authority, they are

 
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Reports of Cases in the High Court of Chancery of Maryland 1846-1854
Volume 200, Volume 2, Page 3   View pdf image (33K)
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