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Reports of Cases in the High Court of Chancery of Maryland 1846-1854
Volume 200, Volume 3, Page 608   View pdf image (33K)
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WILLS, CONSTRUCTION OF.—Continued
same in part," and then bequeathed the " rents, issues, and profits," of a
certain house and lol, immediately after his death, to his two surviving
children, " the same to be applied towards their spport and education."
HELD—
That the intent of the testator, manifest upon the face of the will (con-
struing the will and codicil as one instrument,) was simply to revoke
the bequest to his wife, so far as the house was concerned, and lo
give the rents and profits of it for her life to his two surviving chil-
dren, leaving the will after her death to operate upon it as upon the
residue of his estate. Boyle vs. Parker, 42, .''
6. The will and codicil are to be construed together as one instrument, and
are lo be reconciled, as far as possible; but if irreconcilablte, the codicil;
as the last indication of the testator's mind, must prevail. Ib
7. The devise of the profits of land does not, ex vi termini, pass the land, but
only furnishes evidence of the. intention of the testator that it shall pass,
subject to be rebutted, of course, by the manifestation on the face of the
will of a contrary intention. Ib
8. In this case, nothing is said in the codicil about disturbing'the limitation..
over to the children and grandchildren, and the will and codicil are easily.
reconciled by making the latter apply only to, and operate upon, that part
of the will which relates to the wife. Ib. • .
9. The devise in this case being not of lands, but of their rents and profits,'
and the intent of the testator being manifest upon the face of the will that
the land should not pass, the Act of 1825, ch. 119, does not apply. 76.
10. That Act applies to devises of lands or real property in general terms,with-
out words of perpetuity, or limitation, and gives the entire estate and in-
terest of the testator, unless by devise over, or by words of limitation or
• otherwise, a contrary intention is indicated. 76. Ib.
11. A testator devised lands to his son and his heirs, " provided, nevertheless,
that if" his said son "should die without heirs lawfully begotten of his
body," then over. HELD— ' .
That the son took an estate in fee in the land devised to him, and which
upon his dying intestate and without issue, descended to his survi-
ving brothers and sisters and the children of such as were deceased,
as his heirs-at-law. Roser vs. Slide, 91.
13. A testatrix devised certain real estate to her daughter for life, remainder
in fee to her three grandsons, naming them, " provided, nevertheless,
that if either or any of my said grandsons should die withoW issue, then"
the property "to descend to, and become the estate of lha survivor
or survivors." One of the devisees in remainder died without issue;
HELD— • .
That the limitation over to the survivors is too remote, being after an
indefinite failure of issue. Jaclcson vs. DUshid Sf (Sohtsn, 257.
13. The words " without issu.e," in a will; when spplied to depositions of real
estate, mean ex vi termini, tin indefinite failure of issue, if there ia nothing
in the will restricting their operation; and the circumstance that the
limitation over is to a survivor in fee for life, will not have the effect to
restrain the established legal meaning of the words.
See CHARSES CPOM LANDS DsviaKn', 1, 7, 8. .. . '
TRUSTS, 1 to 5. ;

 
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Reports of Cases in the High Court of Chancery of Maryland 1846-1854
Volume 200, Volume 3, Page 608   View pdf image (33K)
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