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Reports of Cases in the High Court of Chancery of Maryland 1846-1854
Volume 200, Volume 4, Page 553   View pdf image (33K)
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INDEX. 553
AGREEMENTS, CONSTRUCTION OF, Sic—Continued.
ing 181 acres, more or less, and put the latter in possession of the
whole. This deed contained no covenants. HELD—
^That the stipulation on the part of the vendor was fully discharged
by putting the vendee in possession of the land, and the latter
could not claim an abatement of the purchase money for a part
of this land, of which he, subsequently, permitted himself to be
dispossessed. Smith vs. Chaney, 246.
S. The deed being subsequent in date to the contract for an allowance in
case of deficiency, must be considered as taking the place of all pre-
vious agreements on the subject, and as containing the full and entire
contract of the parties. Ib.
3. A vendor selling in good faith is not responsible for the goodness of his
title beyond the extent of the covenants in his deed. Ib., and Harris
vs. Morris, 529.
4. Agreements transferring the right to administer upon an estate to a
third party, in consideration of receiving from such party the com-
missions, are against the policy of the law. Brown vs. Stewart, 368.
5. But an agreement between two parties, both equally entitled, that a
joint administration shall be taken out, and that as the principal labor
and responsibility was to be borne by one, the other would be content
with such portions of the commissions as his associate should think
he deserved, is valid. Ib.
6. Where there are two executors, both are equally entitled to commis-
sions, and, in the absence of any express agreement, neither can de-
prive the other of his share, upon the ground that the party claiming
the whole has performed the entire labor of settling up the estate, but
by an agreement, inter sese, they may provide for an unequal division of
the commissions, or that one shall have the whole. Ib.
ALIMONY.
1. Where a separation was commenced and is continued by the act of the
husband against the will of the wife, and he refuses or neglects to
make provision for her support, the Court of Chancery in this state,
has the power, and will decree her alimony, though there has been no
divorce decreed and though the case made by the bill and proof
would not, according to the ecclesiastical courts in England, entitle
her to a divorce a mensa el thoro. Jamison vs. Jamison,
2. In England, alimony is granted only as a consequence or an incident, to
a sentence of divorce, a mesa et thoro, and no such allowance will be
made by the Chancery Court there until such decree of divorce has
been passed. Ib.
3. Though in this state the Court of Chancery had no power to decree a
divorce prior to the act of 1841, ch 262, yet it had from a period
prior to the revolution, full and complete jurisdiction in cases of ali-
mony, and could, upon a proper case, decree the wife a separate
maintenance out of the estate of the husband. Ib.
4. In England, on an application for a divorce on account of cruelty, it is
necessary to show that actual violence has been committed, attended
with danger, or a reasonable apprehension of such violence. Ib.

 
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Reports of Cases in the High Court of Chancery of Maryland 1846-1854
Volume 200, Volume 4, Page 553   View pdf image (33K)
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