THIRD REGIMENT INFANTRY. 111
The regiment, with the Twelfth Army Corps, participated in the Maryland cam-
paign, under General McClellan, that culminated in the battle of Antietam, September
17, 1862, in which the Third Regiment of Infantry performed its duty nobly.
After the battle of Antietam the Third Regiment, with the Twelfth Army Corps,
remained in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia until the latter part of December, 1862,
when it marched, with the Twelfth Army Corps, to Eastern Virginia, and was engaged
in the battle of Chancellorsville, Va., May 1 to 3, 1863.
At the time of the invasion of the States of Maryland and Pennsylvania in 1863, the
regiment, with the Twelfth Army Corps, were actively engaged, and at the battle of
Gettysburg, July 1st, 2nd and 3rd, 1863, the regiment acted splendidly.
The Third Regiment, with the Twelfth Army Corps, were transferred to the west-
ern armies, operating in the State of Tennessee in the winter of 1863-64, and aided in
the relief of Chattanooga, Tenn., that was so closely beleaguered by the Confederate
Army, under General Bragg, prior to the arrival of the Eleventh and Twelfth Army
Corps, transferred from the Army of the Potomac, after the defeat of Bragg's Army
and the expulsion of the Confederate Armies from the State of Tennessee.
The original members of the regiment who had seen two years' service, veteranized
in February, 1864, re-enlisted for the war. Upon the expiration of its veteran furlough
in April, 1864, the 3d Regiment of Infantry was assigned to the 2d Brigade, 1st Divi-
sion, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and continued with the 9th Army Corps
until the close of the war.
The 3d Regiment of Infantry participated in all of the campaigns under General
Grant, commencing at the battle of the Wilderness, Va., May 5 to 7, 1864, and, ending
at the surrender of General Lee's army at Appomattox, Va., April 9, 1865.
The 3d Regiment was actively engaged in the battles of Spottsylvania, Va., May 16
to 20, 1864; assault on Petersburg, Va., 1864-1865; the battle of the Crater, July 30, 1864,
and the final capture of Petersburg, Va., April 3, 1865.
The casualties in the 3d Regiment of Infantry during the war were as follows :
Killed, eight officers and eighty-three enlisted men—total, ninety-one; died of disease,
four commissioned officers and one hundred and thirty enlisted men—total, one hundred
and thirty-four; or an aggregate death list of two hundred and twenty-five.
The 3d Regiment of Infantry served in Dix's Division, Army of the Potomac, from
muster in to March, 1862; Middle Department, 8th Army Corps, to May 24, 1862; 1st
Brigade, Sigel's Division, Department of the Shenandoah, to July, 1862; 1st Brigade,
Second Division, 2d Corps, Army of Virginia, to August, 1862; 2d Brigade, Second
Division, Second Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862; 2d Brigade, Second Di-
vision, 12th Army Corps, to March, 1863; 3d Brigade, First Division, 12th Army Corps,
to May, 1863; 1st Brigade, First Division, 12th Arrny Corps, to April 25, 1864; 2d
Brigade, First Division, 9th Army Corps, to September 1, 1864; 3d Brigade, First
Division, 9th Army Corps, to July, 31, 1865.
The 3d Regiment of Infantry marched 1771 miles during the Civil War, and it
traveled by rail two thousand nine hundred and three miles; by boat, two hundred and
eighty-nine miles ; total distance, four thousand nine hundred and sixty-three miles.