of the executive branch. The General Assembly from time to time
by law may reallocate -offices, agencies, and instrumentalities
among principal departments; may increase, modify, diminish,
and change their functions, powers, and duties; and may assign
new functions, powers, and duties to them. The governor may
make changes in the organization of the executive branch, in-
cluding the establishment or abolition of offices, agencies, instru-
mentalities, and principal departments, and in the assignment of
functions, powers, and duties among the offices, agencies, instru-
mentalities, and principal departments of the executive branch.
Where these changes require the force of law, they shall be set
forth in executive orders in statutory form and be submitted to
the General Assembly within the first ten days of a regular ses-
sion. An executive order shall become effective and have the force
of law on the date designated in the order unless specifically dis-
approved, within fifty days after submission, by a resolution of
disapproval concurred in by a majority vote of all members of
either house of the General Assembly.
Section 4.28. Heads of Principal Departments.
The head of each principal department of the executive branch
shall be a single executive unless otherwise prescribed by the
General Assembly by law or by the process of executive reorgani-
zation. Any board or commission at the head of a principal
department shall have a chief administrative officer.
Section 4.29. Appointments by Governor.
The governor shall appoint, with the advice and consent of the
Senate, each person serving as the head of each principal depart-
ment and persons to fill vacancies on any board or commission
serving as the head of a principal department, and shall also, with
the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint persons to fill
vacancies on regulatory and quasi-judicial agencies. He shall
appoint, without the advice and consent of the Senate, each chief
administrative officer serving under a board or commission which
is the head of a principal department except the head or chief
administrative officer of an institution of higher education or of
the state public school system. The General Assembly may