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Proceedings of the County Court of Charles County, 1658-1666
Volume 53, Preface 67   View pdf image (33K)
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           Charles County.     lxvii

      he soon afterwards surrendered and was later pardoned. He and his fellow
      conspirator, John Hatch, a member of the Council and the presiding justice of
      the Charles County Court from its creation until October 166o, were the only
      two Charles County men taking part in the uprising who were actually out
      lawed by the new governor, Philip Calvert, which was done on November 27th
      of that year. Another Charles County supporter of Fendall was Capt. John
      Jenkins, who served on the court in 1658 and 1659, and was nicknamed, as we
      have already seen,” Capt. Grindingstone” (pp. 49, 51). Seven of the men who
      had served as members of the Charles County Court with Fendall were prob
      ably regarded as his partisans, as they were not reappointed after the “ rebel
      lion “. These justices were Capt. William Batten, John Cage, Job Chandler,
      Robert Handley (Hundley), Edward Parkes, Robert Slye, and James Walker.
      Five others who served with Fendall on the court were obviously not regarded
      as his adherents, as they were promptly reappointed after he was deposed.
      These were Henry Adams, who was the presiding justice from February
      1660/1 to March 1663/4, Walter Beane, Joseph Harrison, James Lindsay
      (Lendsey), and Zachariah Wade. Those who were appointed to the court for
      the first time after the Fendall outbreak were Thomas Baker, who was soon
      dropped as a hog-stealer, James Langworth, William Marshall, Thomas Mat
      thews, who became presiding justice in September 1664, Francis Pope, Christo
      pher Russell, and Thomas Stone, apparently a Quaker convert who refused to
      take the oath of office so therefore never really qualified. There were two mem
      bers of the Governor's Council, Philip Calvert and Robert Clarke, who often
      sat with the Charles County Court in Fendall's time. It is probable that the
      majority of all these justices were Protestants, although the religious affilia
      tions of most of them cannot now be determined. Adams, Langworth, and
      Philip Calvert, are known to have been Roman Catholics; Slye and a few
      others were also in all probability of this same faith. Both Catholics and Pro
      testants seems to have taken part in the Fendall “ rebellion “.
        George Thompson was appointed clerk of the Charles County Court, May 25,
      1658, a few days after the county was established, and served until January
      1659/60, when Fendall replaced him with one of his followers, Thomas Lomax.
      The latter was promptly dropped when Fendall was deposed as governor in
      November 166o, and Thompson was restored to the clerkship January 12,
      1660/1, serving until after the close of the period covered by these records, as
      we find him acting as clerk of Charles County as late as March 1665/6 (Arch.
      Md. iii, 539).
        Of interest in connection with the volume of business entered on the court
      records is an estimate of the population of the community which the court
      served. Based on the number of taxables as shown by the levies, the popula
      tion of Charles County may be roughly estimated as follows: 1658—800;
      1660—900; 1662—1100; 1664—1400; 1665—1500.

        A comprehensive study by Louis Dow Scisco of the colonial records of
      Charles County, the court proceedings, land records, and testamentary papers,
      will be found in the Maryland Historical Magazine XXI for September, 1926
      (pp. 261-270).







                                             THE EDITOR.



      


 
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Proceedings of the County Court of Charles County, 1658-1666
Volume 53, Preface 67   View pdf image (33K)
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