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Maryland Manual, 1961-62
Volume 169, Page 210   View pdf image (33K)
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210 MARYLAND MANUAL

ninety calendar days; the sessions meeting in even-numbered years
begin the first Wednesday of February and are limited to thirty
calendar days. The sessions in even-numbered years are limited to
the consideration of budgetary matters, matters in the general public
welfare, and legislation of an emergency nature. The Governor may
call special sessions at any time he deems it necessary (III, 14,
amended).

The General Assembly must pass at each regular session a budget
bill which contains the budget for the State government for the
next fiscal year. Upon the passage of the bill by both Houses, it
becomes law without further action (III, 52).

The General Assembly has power to pass such laws as are neces-
sary for the welfare of the State, and, in addition, it has the power to
pass public local laws for counties and special taxing areas. The
Home Rule Amendment of 1954 (XI-E) almost entirely prohibits
the General Assembly from passing local legislation for incorporated
cities and towns, although the Assembly retains its power to pass
a general state-wide law that affects them. The General Assembly
may establish such departments of the State government as are
necessary for its efficient operation and may establish special taxing
districts or areas within the State for the purpose of administering
a special function or functions. The General Assembly may establish
such taxes as are in accordance with the Constitution of the State
and of the United States. It may propose amendments to the State
Constitution, which must be embodied in a regular legislative bill
and passed by three-fifths of the total membership of each House.
All amendments to the Constitution must be submitted to the voters
at the next general election after passage.

All. bills passed by the General Assembly become law when signed
by the Governor, or passed over his veto by three-fifths of the
membership of each House, on the first day of June after the session
in which the law was passed; except (1) when a later date is
specified in the Act or (2) when the bill is declared an emergency
measure and passed by three-fifths of the total number of members
of each House, in which case the bill becomes law immediately upon
its approval by the Governor.

The General Assembly may add a referendum provision to any
local bill but may not submit a state-wide bill to referendum (with
the exception of a Soldiers' Bonus Bill). Any state-wide bill, except
an appropriation bill, and any local bill which concerns a county or
Baltimore City may be submitted to a referendum by petition. No
bill subject to a referendum shall be enforceable until approved by
a majority of the voters at the election in which the referred bill is
voted upon, except an emergency bill, which shall be effective im-
mediately 'and shall remain effective thirty days following its re-
jection by the voters (XVI).

The House of Delegates has sole power of impeachment of any
officer of the State. A majority of the whole number of members of
the House must approve any bill of impeachment. The Senate tries
all impeachment cases, and two-thirds of the total number of Senators
must concur in a verdict of guilty (III, 26).

Both Houses elect the State Treasurer by a joint ballot. Every
fourth year the General Assembly also elects the Governor if the
popular election has resulted in a tie or the winning candidate is
ineligible; and, should the office become vacant while the General
Assembly is in session, then it shall elect a successor; otherwise, the
President of the Senate succeeds to the office until the next regular
session.

 

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Maryland Manual, 1961-62
Volume 169, Page 210   View pdf image (33K)
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