MARYLAND MANUAL 241
vetoed. Five hundred and twenty-six House bills passed both Houses;
503 were signed by the Governor and 23 were vetoed. In addition,
the Governor exercised his right to item veto several sums in another
bill, the 1963 General Construction Loan.
Since the Governor made these 37 vetoes and the item vetoes after
the adjournment of the General Assembly, they must be returned
to the two Houses at the next session for a vote on sustaining or
overriding the vetoes.
One hundred and thirty-two joint resolutions were introduced, 40
in the Senate and 92 in the House. Twenty-five Senate joint resolu-
tions and 40 House joint resolutions, a total of 65, passed both Houses.
The proposal to open places of public accommodation to persons of
all races, which had failed of passage during the regular session and
the first special session of 1962, was adopted at the 1963 session. It
was effective only in Baltimore City and certain of the counties of the
State. The powers of the State Commission on Interracial Problems
were expanded in a companion bill.
Two substantial revisions of State law were approved at the session.
The laws governing the procedure for acquiring private property for
public use were rewritten. A new insurance code was adopted to
replace the old insurance laws. Both acts represented the recommen-
dations of study commissions.
The 1963 session approved two uniform acts and two compacts.
The Uniform Commercial Code governing commercial transactions
was adopted; it becomes effective in 1964. The Uniform Foreign
Money Judgments Recognition Act was also adopted. The General
Assembly approved the entry of the State into the Interstate Com-
pact on Mental Health and the Southern Interstate Nuclear Compact.
Acts extending State regulation into two new activities were
adopted. Under one, trusts established for investment in real estate
were authorized and regulated. In the other, the condominium or hori-
zontal estate in real property was similarly recognized and regulated.
Important legislation was enacted at the session relating to higher
education. An act resulting from the report of a Gubernatorial com-
mission organized the State teachers' colleges and Morgan State
College into a State liberal arts college system under the supervision
of a Board of Trustees. The act also created an Advisory Council for
Higher Education to coordinate the State's system of higher education.
Another act created a Maryland Higher Education Loan Corpora-
tion to lend funds to students to defray costs of education at colleges
A series of bills and joint resolutions approved by the session were
designed to curb problems of illegitimacy. The most important bill
changes the procedure for determining paternity of illegitimates and
provides for court orders for support. The State's former bastardy
laws, which were criminal proceedings, were repealed and replaced by
a civil procedure.
Only two amendments of the State Constitution were adopted by
the session; both will be submitted to the voters for approval at the
general election of 1964. The first changes the time allowed to a
charter board to prepare a home rule charter for a county. The
second transfers the probate functions of the Orphans' Court of
Montgomery County to the Circuit Court for that County.
Other enactments of interest of the 1963 session include the follow-
ing: a bill permitted clerks of courts and their designated deputies to
perform marriage ceremonies; another authorized establishment of
Historic Area Zoning as a zoning classification; others authorized an
additional $250,000 in State bonds for area redevelopment projects