clear space clear space clear space white space
A
 r c h i v e s   o f   M a r y l a n d   O n l i n e
  Maryland State Archives | Index | Help | Search search for:
clear space
white space
Maryland Manual, 1987-88
Volume 183, Page 33   View pdf image (33K)
 Jump to  
  << PREVIOUS  NEXT >>
clear space clear space clear space white space

 

 

 

 

 

Legislature/'33

propose amendments to the State Constitution,
which must be embodied in a regular legislative
bill passed by three-fifths of the total membership
of each House. All amendments to the Constitu-
tion must be submitted to the voters at the next
general election after passage.

All bills passed by the General Assembly be-
come law when signed by the Governor, or when
passed over the Governor's veto by three-fifths of
the membership of each House. Laws thus ap-
proved take effect on the first day of June after
the session in which they were passed, except (1)
when a later date is specified in the Act, or (2)
when the bill is declared an emergency measure.
Emergency bills must be passed by three-fifths of
the total number of members of each House, and
become law immediately upon their approval by
the Governor.

The General Assembly may add a referendum
provision to any local bill, but may not submit a
statewide bill to referendum (with the exception of
a proposed amendment to the Constitution or a
Soldiers' Bonus Bill). Most statewide bills, except
appropriation bills, and any local bill that con-
cerns a county or Baltimore City, may be submit-
ted to a referendum by petition. No bill subject to
referendum is enforceable until approved by a ma-
jority of the voters at the election in which the re-
ferred bill is voted upon, except an emergency bill,
which is effective immediately and remains effec-
tive thirty days following its rejection by the vot-
ers (Const. 1867, Art. XVI).

The House of Delegates has sole power of im-
peachment of any officer of the State. A majority
of the whole number of members of the House
must approve any bill of impeachment. The Sen-
ate tries all impeachment cases, and two-thirds of
the total number of Senators must concur in a
verdict of guilty (Const. 1867, Art. Ill, sec. 26).

Both Houses elect the State Treasurer by joint
ballot. The General Assembly also elects the Gov-
ernor or the Lieutenant Governor if the popular
election has resulted in a tie or the winning candi-
date or candidates are ineligible. When a vacancy
occurs in the office of Governor, the Lieutenant
Governor succeeds to that office for the remainder
of the term. If a vacancy occurs in the office of
Lieutenant Governor, the Governor nominates a
person to succeed to that office upon confirmation
by a majority vote of all members of the General
Assembly in joint session. If vacancies occur in
both the offices of Governor and Lieutenant Gov-
ernor at the same time, the General Assembly
must convene and fill the office of Governor by a

majority vote of all the members in joint session.
The chosen Governor then nominates a Lieuten-
ant Governor with the same confirmation.

The President of the Senate serves as acting
Governor if the Lieutenant Governor is not able
to serve as acting Governor. If there is a vacancy
in the office of President of the Senate when the
President is authorized to serve as acting Gover-
nor, the Senate must convene and fill the vacancy
(Const. 1867, Art. II, sees. 1A, 1B, 6, 7A).

THE LEGISLATIVE PROCESS:
HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW

Upon request of a legislator, the Department of
Legislative Reference drafts legislation in the form
of a bill or a joint resolution. As a "profiled bill,"
a bill or joint resolution may be introduced before
the regular General Assembly session convenes in
January. A bill is filed ("goes into the hopper")
with the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of
the House, is given a number, and is readied for
its first reading on the floor.

First Reading: The reading clerk, when the ses-
sion has convened, first reads the title of the bill.
This is .the first of three readings given the bill in
the house where it is introduced. Then, the presid-
ing officer assigns the bill to a standing commit-
tee. Bills or joint resolutions introduced in either
chamber during the last forty-five days of the ses-
sion are referred to the rules committee of the re-
spective house. Thereafter, they may not be
required to be returned to the floor except upon
the affirmative votes of at least two-thirds of all
elected members of that house.

Reference to Committee: The standing commit-
tees meet regularly during the session to receive
testimony and take action on bills assigned. Citi-
zens are encouraged to present their views on pro-
posed bills by mail or by personal appearance.
The Department of Fiscal Services prepares a fis-
cal analysis for each bill and these fiscal notes are
considered during the committee deliberations.

Second Reading and Floor Consideration: The
bill is reported to the floor by the standing com-
mittee to which it was assigned. The report may
be favorable, unfavorable, or without recommen-
dation. If favorable, it may be with or without
committee amendment. After consideration of
committee amendments, the bill is then open to
amendment from the floor. There, committee ac-
tion may be reversed, although this happens infre-
quently.

 



 
clear space
clear space
white space

Please view image to verify text. To report an error, please contact us.
Maryland Manual, 1987-88
Volume 183, Page 33   View pdf image (33K)
 Jump to  
  << PREVIOUS  NEXT >>


This information resource of the Maryland State Archives is presented here for fair use in the public domain. When this material is used, in whole or in part, proper citation and credit must be attributed to the Maryland State Archives. PLEASE NOTE: Rights assessment for associated source material is the responsibility of the user.


Tell Us What You Think About the Maryland State Archives Website!


[ Archives' Home Page  ||  All About Maryland  ||  Maryland Manual On-Line  ||  Reference & Research
||  Search the Archives   ||  Education & Outreach  ||  Archives of Maryland Online ]

Governor     General Assembly    Judiciary     Maryland.Gov

An Archives of Maryland electronic publication.
For information contact mdlegal@mdarchives.state.md.us.

©Copyright  October 31, 2014
Maryland State Archives