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Alexander's British statutes in force in Maryland. 2d ed., 1912
Volume 194, Page 3   View pdf image (33K)
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9 H. 3, CAP. 7, DOWER. 3
from the house within the term. In Maryland, however, it rests on this
ancient statute.
Quarantine must be assigned to the widow in a house of which she is
dowable. A house is considered by the best writers as comprehending a
garden and curtilage, as well as, of course, the adjoining buildings and
appendages of a dwelling house, although* treating it here as synony- 3
mous with messuage, and so it is said to be, the ground to be appropriated
to these purposes is limited to a quantity "not exceeding an acre or more."
The authorities are collected in 2 Wms. Saund, 401 n. 2. It is to be assumed
that in a house of which her husband died sole seised her possession is
exclusive while it lasts, for the heir or other person having an adverse
interest to her may, by procuring the assignment of her dower, terminate
the quarantine. The day on which the husband dies is included in the term
which therefore is, generally speaking, only thirty-nine days. During her
residence she is entitled to maintenance out of her husband's estate. Lord
Coke says, 2 Inst., 17, that "estozverium here is taken for sustenance; there
is an opinion in our books that the widow cannot kill any of the oxen of the
husband while she remain in the house; but the Register saith Quod interim
habeont rafionabilia estoveria de bonis corundum maritorum, which seemeth
to be an exposition of this branch." It is said in a marginal note by New-
ton to Pitzherbert's Natura Brevium, "that the woman shall not have meat
and drink, for the Statute doth not extend to it." But Fitzherbert queries
"if she may kill anyhing for her provision if there be not any provision in
the house." F. N. B. 162 A. In a case reported in Jenk. Cent. 284, case 16,
it was resolved by all the Judges, that during quarantine she was to be sus-
tained with victuals in her husband's house. And in Bac. Abr. Dower (B),
it is laid down broadly, that the widow during her quarantine is to be pro-
vided with all necessaries at the expense of the heir. By Art. 93, sec. 218
of the Code' (Acts of 1841, ch. 178, sec. 2, and 1845, ch. 357, sec. 3) it is
enacted, that the provisions which at the death of any decedent shall have
been laid up for the consumption of his family on his home or mansion
house farm shall not be included in the inventory of his estate, but shall
remain for the use of the family of such decedent; and by sec. 53 of the
same Article, (Act. 1841, eh. 178, sec. 3,) the administrator may be allowed
credit for any live stock killed for the necessary use of the family before a
sale.
If the widow be evicted by the heir or terre-tenant before the expiration
of her quarantine, she is entitled to a summary process upon the Statute for
restitution of her possession. The form of the writ is given by Fitzherbert,
F. N. B., 161-162. This writ termed a writ de quarantina. hahenda is directed
to the Sheriff, and is in the nature of a commission to him. "By force of
which writ," says Lord Coke 2 Inst. 16, "the Sheriff may make process
'Code 1911, Art. 93, sec. 222.
^ode 1911, Art. 93, sec. 5 (as now amended). Widow also entitled to
allowance from estate of deceased husband of $160.00 (or $75.00 if no
infant child surviving) in money, or its equivalent in household and kitchen
furniture. Code 1911, Art. 93, secs. 308, 309; Crow v. Hubbard, 62 Md.
560; Linthicum v. Polk, 93 Md. 84, 91.

 
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Alexander's British statutes in force in Maryland. 2d ed., 1912
Volume 194, Page 3   View pdf image (33K)
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