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Hanson's Laws of Maryland 1763-1784
Volume 203, Page 266   View pdf image (33K)
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                               THOMAS SIM LEE, Esq; Governor.

    If any person guilty of, or charged with treason, felony, or other high misdemeanor, in at state, shall
flee from justice, and be found in any of the United States, he shall, upon demand of the governor or
executive power of the state from which he fled, be delivered up and removed to the state having jurisdiction
of his offence.
    Full faith and credit shall be given in each of these states to the records, acts and judicial proceedings,
of the courts and magistrates of every other state.
    ART. 5.  For the more convenient management of the general interests of the United States, delegates
shall be annually appointed in such manner as the legislature of each state shall direct, to meet in
congress on the first Monday in November, in every year, with a power reserved to each state, to recal
its delegates, or any of them, at any time within the year, and to send others in their stead, for the remainder
of the year.
    No state shall be represented in congress by less than two, nor more than seven members; and no person
shall be capable of being a delegate for more than three years, in any term of six years; nor shall
any person, being a delegate, be capable of holding any office under the United States, for which he, or
any other for his benefit, receives any salary, fees or emolument, of any kind.
    Each state shall maintain its own delegates in a meeting of the states, and while they act as members
of the committee of the states.
    In determining questions in the United States, in congress assembled, each state shall have one vote.
    Freedom of speech and debate in congress shall not be impeached or questioned in any court or place
out of congress, and the members of congress shall be protected in their persons from arrests and imprisonments,
during the time of their going to and from, and attendance on congress, except for treason,
felony, or breach of the peace.
    ART. 6.  No state, without the consent of the United States in congress assembled, shall send any embassy
to, or receive any embassy from, or enter into any conference, agreement, alliance or treaty with,
any king, prince or state; nor shall any person holding any office of profit or trust under the United
States, or any of them, accept of any present, emolument, office or title, of any kind whatever, from any
king, prince or foreign state; nor shall the United States in congress assembled, or any of them, grant
any title of nobility.
    No two or more states shall enter into any treaty, confederation or alliance whatever between them,
without the consent of the United States in congress assembled, specifying accurately the purposes for
which the same is to be entered into, and how long it shall continue.
    No state shall lay any imports or duties which may interfere with any stipulations in treaties entered
into by the United States in congress assembled, with any king, prince or state, in pursuance of any
treaties already proposed by congress, to the courts of France and Spain.
    No vessels of war shall be kept up in time of peace by any state, except such number only as shall be
deemed necessary by the United States in congress assembled for the defence of such state, or its trade;
nor shall any body of forces be kept up by any state, in time of peace, except such number only, as in
the judgment of the United States in congress assembled, shall be deemed requisite to garrison the forts
necessary for the defence of such state; but every state shall always keep up a well regulated and disciplined
militia, sufficiently armed and accoutred, and shall provide  and constantly have ready for use, in
public stores, a due number of field pieces and tents, and a proper quantity of arms, ammunition and
camp equipage.
    No state shall engage in any way without the consent of the United States in congress assembled, unless
such state be actually invaded by enemies, or shall have received certain advice of a resolution being
formed by some nation of Indians to invade such state, and the danger is so imminent as not to admit of
a delay, till the United States in congress assembled can be consulted; nor shall any state grant commissions
to any ships or vessels of war, nor letters of marque or reprisal, except it be after a declaration of
war by the United States in congress assembled, and then only against the kingdom or state, and the subjects
thereof, against which war has been so declared, and under such regulations as shall be established
by the United States in congress assembled, unless such state be inserted by pirates, in which case vessels
of war may be fitted out for that occasion, and kept so long as the danger shall continue, or until the
United States in congress assembled shall determine otherwise.
    ART. 7.  When land forces are raised by any state for the common defence, all officers of or under the
rank of colonel, shall be appointed by the legislature of each state respectively, by whom such forces shall
be raised, or in such manner as such state shall direct, and all vacancies shall be filled up by the state
which first made the appointment.
    ART. 8.  All charges of war, and all other expences that shall be incurred for the common defence or
general welfare, and allowed by the United States in congress assembled, shall be defrayed out of a common
treasury, which shall be supplied by the several states, in proportion to the value of all land within
each state, granted to or surveyed for any person, as such land and the buildings and improvements
thereon shall be estimated, according to such mode as the United States in congress assembled shall from
time to time direct and appoint.  The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied by the
authority and direction of the legislatures of the several states within the time agreed upon by the United 
States in congress assembled.
    ART. 9.  The United States in congress assembled, shall have the sole and exclusive right and power
of determining on peace and war, except in the cases mentioned in the sixth article; of sending and receiving
ambassadors; entering into treaties and alliances, provided that no treaty of commerce shall be
made whereby the legislative power of the respective states shall be restrained from imposing such imports
and duties on foreigners, as their own people are subjected to, or from prohibiting the exportation or
importation of any species of goods or commodities whatsoever; of establishing rules for deciding in all
cases, what captures on land or water shall be legal, and in what manner prizes taken by land or naval
forces in the service of the United States shall be divided or appropriated; of granting letters of marque
and reprisal in times of peace; appointing courts for the trial of piracies and felonies committed on the
high seas, and establishing courts for receiving and determining finally appeals in all cases of captures,
provided that not member of congress shall be appointed a judge of any of the said courts.
    The United States in congress assembled shall also be the last resort on appeal in all disputes and differences
now subsisting, or that hereafter may arise, between two or more states, concerning boundary, jurisdiction,
or any other cause whatever; which authority shall always be exercised in the manner following.
Whenever the legislative or executive authority or lawful agent of any state in controversy with another
shall present a petition to congress, stating the matter in question, and praying for a bearing, notice thereof

1780.

CHAP.
    XL.



 
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Hanson's Laws of Maryland 1763-1784
Volume 203, Page 266   View pdf image (33K)
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