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Meetings of Presidential Electors in Maryland, 1789-1980 1785-1791
Volume 207, Appendix 1  
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An Analysis of Laws relating to the Electoral College in Maryland
by
Ryan Polk,  Archives of Maryland staff

 
Source Subject Location Comments
MD Constitution 1776 The Constitution and form of Government 1776; creation of the State Senate Maryland Constitution 1776, Article 14;15 Art. 14; 15. Establishment of an an electoral college for the selection of State Senators.  All voting vive voce
Session Laws 1788 An Act directing the time, place and manner , of holding elections for…appointing electors on the part of this State for choosing a President and Vice-President Session Laws 1788, Ch. 10 Sec. VI. Eight electors (5 from Western Shore, 3 Eastern Shore)
Sec. VIII. Requires results of election to be published
Sec IX. Elections to be vive voce
Sec. X. Electors to assemble on first Wednesday in Feb. in Annapolis
Sec. XI. Electors shall receive the same per diem allowance, and itinerant charges as members of General Assembly
Sec. XII. Governor and Council to determine by lot the winner in case of a tie
Session Laws
1790
  Session Laws 1790 Ch. 16 1790, Ch. 16, Sec 10. Elections shall be free, and made viva voce
1795, Ch. 73, Sec 5. elections of electors to be vive voce
Session Laws
1795
An Act to alter the mode of electing to choose the President and Vice-President of the US Session Laws 1795, Ch. 73) Sec. I. State divided into 10 districts for the purpose of appointing electors to choose the President and Vice-President 
Sec. II. Each district to appoint one resident of district as elector for district; see alteration of Constitution 1798, ch 115, conf. 1799, ch48; also 1799 50
Sec. III. set day of electoral meeting (changed 1799, 1800)
Sec. V. Election of electors to be vive voce.  Sets method for taking votes and counting of electors' votes
Sec. VII. Governor and council to settle election of electors in case of tie
Session Laws
1796
An act to ascertain the allowance of members of the General Assembly, electors of senate, and electors of the President and Vice-President of the US Session Laws 1796, Ch. 41 Sec I. Sets electors' allowance at $3.50 for every day's attendance
Session Laws
1799
An Act to regulate elections Session Laws 1799, Ch. 50 Sec. VIII. Sets election date for electors of the President and Vice-President second Monday of November every fourth year after 1800 
Sec. X. Divides Baltimore City into 8 wards or districts for elections
Sec. XVI. Election Judges to meet 2nd day after election of presidential electors to compose report of results of election
Session Laws
1799
A supplement to the act entitle, An act to regulate election Session Laws 1799, Ch. 76 Sec.  II. Election judges to keep separate poll-books of elections for "electors" and "US representatives" because of district overlapping
Session Laws
1801
Right to vote by ballot Session Laws 1801, Ch. 90 "every free white male...shall have the right of suffrage and shall vote be Ballot...for Delegates to the general Assembly, Electors of the Senate and Sherriffs"
Session Laws
1802
An Act to provide for the elections of representatives of this state in the congress of the US, and of the US, and of electors on the part of this state for choosing a President and Vice-President of the US Session Laws 1802, Ch. 70 Sec. II. 11 electors for President elected from 9 dists.; Districts are outlined; 3rd Dist. (Mont. Co, A.A Co., Annapolis and Baltimore city) and 4th Dist (Wash Co. and Allegany Co.) entitled to 2 electors.
U.S. Constitution
Amendment 12 (1804)
Sets electoral college structure (1804) U.S. Constitution, Amendment 12  
Sesssion Laws 1805 An Act to reduce into the several Acts of Assembly respecting Elections, and to regulate said Election. Session Laws 1805, Ch. 97 Sec. III. 11 electors for pres. elected from 9 dists.; Districts are outlined; 3rd Dist. (A.A Co., Annapolis, and Baltimore city) and 4th Dist (Fred. Co., Wash Co., and Allegany Co.) entitled to 2 electors.; 
Sec. VIV. Next election of electors to be held on 2nd Monday of November 1808, and on the same day in every 4th year thereafter
Sec. XII. Ballot is to have names of persons  voted for, and the purpose for which vote is given, plainly designated
Sec. XXXIV. In case of tie in election of electors, Governor will determine, by lot, the winner
Session Laws
1809
An Act to fix the mode of electing Senators to represent this State in the Senate of the US Session Laws 1809, Ch. 22 Sec. I. Senators to be elected by joint session of both branches of MD legislature
Session Laws
1826
An act to divide state into 9 districts  for the purpose of electing 11 electors of Pres and Vice-President of  US Session Laws 1826, Ch. 213 Sec. I. Divides state into 9 districts for the purpose of choosing 11 electors; 3rd Dist. (AA CO., Annapolis, Baltimore City) and 4th Dist (Allegany Co. and Wash Co.) entitled to 2 electors.
Session Laws
1831
State divided into four districts for election of President and Vice-President of US Session Laws 1831, Ch. 322  
Session Laws
1833
US President and Vice-President, method of conducting Session Laws 1833, Ch. 261 Sec. 1. changes from system of electoral districts, which produced  a split vote for the presidential canidates, to "general ticket" format (Mar. 15, 1834)
Session Laws
1834
State divided into seven districts. All previous acts repealed Session Laws 1834, Ch. 167 Legislative district changes
MD Code Public General Laws 1860 Same as 1805 Ch 97 sec 12 MD Code Public General Laws 1860, Art. 35, sec. 15 Art. 35, sec 15. Written ballots
1864 Maryland Constitution   1864 Maryland Constitution, Art. 12 Art. 12, sec. 11. Soldiers' Vote: a poll is to be opened in each Company of every MD Regiment; Officers to act as Judges;
Art. 12, sec. 12. Any qualified voter in military service absent from his polling district and his company may vote at nearest polling center
Art 12, sec. 14. After receiving soldiers' returns, Governor shall count soldiers' votes with the aggregate home vote in each district
Session Laws
1865
An act to appropriate a sum of money to pay the Electors of President and Vice-President of the US in and for the State of MD, their officers and attendants Session Laws 1865, Ch. 16 Sec. I. Appropriates $500, or so much thereof as may be necessary,.. …to pay per diem and mileage of the Electors.
Session Laws
1870
An act to appropriate a sum of money to pay the Electors of President and Vice-President of the US in and for the State of MD, their officers and attendants Session Laws 1870, Ch. 107 Sec. I. Appropriates $500, or so much thereof as may be necessary,.. …to pay per diem and mileage of the Electors.
Session Laws
1878
Relative to Electoral vote in MD in Presidential Election Session Laws 1878, Ch. 11  
Session Laws
1880
Electoral College, filling vacancies Session Laws 1880, Ch. 41 Gives right to Electors to fill any vacancies on day College meets; sets 12pm, first Wed. in December as time to cast votes
Session Laws
1882
An act to appropriate a sum of money to pay the Electors of President and Vice-President of the US in and for the State of MD, their officers and attendants Session Laws 1882, Ch. 25 Sec. I. Appropriates $500, or so much thereof as may be necessary,.. …to pay per diem and mileage of the Electors.
Session Laws
1888
An act to appropriate a sum of money to pay the Electors of President and Vice-President of the US in and for the State of MD, their officers and attendants Session Laws 1888, Ch. 27 Sec. I. Appropriates $500, or so much thereof as may be necessary,.. …to pay per diem and mileage of the Electors.
MD Code of Public General Laws 1888 Same as MD Code 1860 Art. 35 sec 15   Art. 33 sec. 54. Written ballots
Session Laws
1890
An act to Repeal and re-enact with amendments sections 68 and 69, of article 33, of the Code of Public General Laws, title "Elections," sub-title "Certificates of the number of votes for each candidate." Session Laws 1890, Ch. 624 Pertains to Election Judges' handling of poll books and certification of results
Session Laws
1890
An act to repeal an re-enact with an amendment section 15 of article 41 of the code of public general laws, title "Governor" Session Laws 1890, Ch. 67 Sec. I. Governor to receive returns for election of electors, count votes, announce winner, and publish results of vote count in newspapers.
Session Laws 1890 An act to Repeal and re-enact with amendments sections 54, of article 33, of the Code of Public General Laws, title " Elections,"....  Session Laws 1890, Ch. 538 Sec. 153 Australian Ballot
Session Laws 1892 An act to Repeal and re-enact with amendments sections 37, of article 33, of the Code of Public General Laws, title " Elections,"....  Session Laws 1892, Ch. 236 sets standard for ballot contents
Session Laws
1896
An act to appropriate a sum of money to pay the Electors of President and Vice-President of the US in and for the State of MD, their officers and attendants Session Laws 1896, Ch. 233 Sec. I. Appropriates $500, or so much thereof as may be necessary,..-to pay per diem and mileage of the Electors.
Session Laws
1896
An act to repeal Art. 33, entitled "Elections," of the Code of Public General Laws of Maryland, and the several Acts and parts of Act, amendatory thereto, and to re-enact the said Art. 33 with amendments Session Laws 1896, Ch. 202 Sec. 37. Allows certificates of nomination and ballots to have party emblems and symbols
Session Laws
1901
An act to amend section 37 of Article 33 of Code of Public General Laws of MD, title "Elections" (1896 ch 202) Session Laws 1901, Ch. 2 Sec III. "no party emblem or device of any kind shall be added to said certificate [certificate of nomination or ballot], and if any such emblem or device should be added it shall not be printed upon the ballot by the Sec. of State or any of the Board of Supervisors of Elections
Session Laws
1901
An act to add "miscellaneous provisions" relating to subdivisions of election dists. And election precincts. Session Laws 1901, Ch. 10 Sec. II. Gives authority to Boards Of Supervisors of Election to alter district boundaries
Session Laws
1901
An act to appropriate a sum of money to pay the Electors of President and Vice-President of the US in and for the State of MD, their officers and attendants Session Laws 1901, Ch. 11 Sec. I. Appropriates $500, or so much thereof as may be necessary,..-to pay per diem and mileage of the Electors.
Session Laws
1904
An act to appropriate a sum of money to pay the Electors of President and Vice-President of the US in and for the State of MD, their officers and attendants Session Laws 1904, Ch. 565 Sec. I. Appropriates $500, or so much thereof as may be necessary,..…to pay per diem and mileage of the Electors.
Session Laws
1937
Article 33, sec 197 of the Annotated Code of Maryland (1939), also see Registration and Election Laws of Maryland 1938 and Chapter 232 Sec. 1 of Laws of Maryland (1937) Session Laws 1937, Ch. 232 removes the names of candidates for electors of the President and Vice President from the ballot, and institutes a method for their selection
Session Laws
1957
Replaces Art. 33 of MD Code Session Laws 1957, Ch. 739 Sec. 156 Requires electors to vote for canidate who receive the "majority" of the votes
Session Laws
1967
Replaces Art. 33 of MD Code (1957) Session Laws 1967, Ch. 392 20- 4 Requires electors to vote for canidate who recieves the "plurality" of the votes
  Also see Chapter 1 of Title 3, United States Code "Presidential Elections and Vacancies" (United States Code, Ch. 1 Title 3)    

 
 
 

 
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Meetings of Presidential Electors in Maryland, 1789-1980 1785-1791
Volume 207, Appendix 1  
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