CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 3
Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the
first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three
Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated
at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expira-
tion of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of
the sixth Year, so that one-third may be chosen every second Year; and
if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess
of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make tem-
porary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which
shall then fill such Vacancies.
No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age
of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States,
and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for
which he shall be chosen.
The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the
Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.
The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro
tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise
the Office of President of the United States.
The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When
sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When
the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall
preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of
two thirds of the Members present.
Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to
removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office
of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the party con-
victed shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial,
Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.
SECTION 4. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for
Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the
Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make
or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such
Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by
Law appoint a different Day.
SECTION 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Re-
turns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each
shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a small Number may
adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attend-
ance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as
each House may provide.
Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its
Members for disorderly Behavior, and with the Concurrence of two
thirds, expel a Member.