CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 3
Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that
one-third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by
Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any
State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the
next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.
No Person shall be a Senator who shall. not have attained to the Age
of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and
who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall
The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate,
but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.
The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro
tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the
Office of President of the United States.
The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When
sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the
President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside:
And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds
of the Members present.
Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to,
removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of
honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the party convicted
shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and
Punishment, according to Law.
SECTION 4. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for
Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the
Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or
alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meet-
ing shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law
appoint a different Day.
SECTION 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns
and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall con-
stitute a Quorum to do Business; but a small Number may adjourn from
day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent
Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may
Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its
Members for disorderly Behavior, and with the Concurrence of two thirds,
expel a Member.
Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to
time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment
require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House
on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered
on the Journal.