CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 19
t [Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned
among the several States which may be included within this
Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be
determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons,
including those bound to Service for a Term of Tears, and
excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. ]
The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after
the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and
within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner
as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives
shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State
shall have at Least one Representative; and until such
enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall
be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island
and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York
six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one,
Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina
five, and Georgia three.
Veazie Bank v. Fenno, 8 Wall. 533. Scholey v. Rew, 23 Wall. 331. Pol-
lock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co., 157 U. S. 429.
When vacancies happen in the Representation from any
State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of
Election to fill such Vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speake1- and
other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
SECTION 3. The Senate of the United States shall be
composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the
Legislature thereof, for six Tears; and each Senator shall have
Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of
the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be
into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first
The President informed Congress, on the 28th of January, 1790, that
North Carolina had ratified the Constitution November 21, 1789; and he
informed Congress on the 1st of June, 1790, that Rhode Island had ratified
the Constitution May 29, 1789. Vermont, in convention, ratified the Con-
stitution January 10, 1791, and was, by an act of Congress approved Feb-
ruary 18, 1791, "received and admitted into this Union as a new and entire
member of the United States. "
t The clause included in brackets is amended by the fourteenth amend-
ment, second section, p. 54.