Maryland Hall of Records 350th Anniversary Document Series, No. 1
(Annapolis, Md., 1982).
(13) Menard and Carr, "The Lords Baltimore and the Colonization
of Maryland," 176-178.
(14) The French ambassador to England, Tillieres, to —, November
25, 1621, printed in Frederic Raumer, History of the Sixteenth and
Seventeenth Centuries, Illustrated by Original Documents, 2 vols.
(London, 1835), 2:263, quoted in Russell R. Menard, "The Adven-
tures of George Calvert" (unpublished paper in possession of the
author; copy in the files of The St. Mary's City Commission, Hall of
Records, Annapolis, Md.).
(15) The following account of the granting of the charter is based on
Charles M. Andrews, The Colonial Period of American History: The
Settlements, Volume 2 (New Haven, 1936; reprinted, New Haven,
1964), 279-282, and upon a study of the privy council warrants, or
contemporary copies thereof, mss. in the Hugh Young Collection,
Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore, Maryland. Professor Andrews
errs in saying that the first warrant issued for a grant in the northern
Chesapeake confined the boundaries of Maryland to the Eastern
Shore. The warrant made the Potomac river, beginning at its "head or
Fountain," a boundary.
(16) For a discussion of this tract, see Preface above, and Lawrence
Wroth's introduction to the facsimile edition, reproduced below.
(17) Recent discussions of the way the policy developed are to be found
in Menard, "Economy and Society in Early Colonial Maryland,"
39-44, and in John D. Krugler, "Lord Baltimore, Roman Catholics,
and Toleration: Religious Policy in Maryland During the Early Cath-
olic Years, 1634-1649," The Catholic Historical Review 65 (1979):
(18) For discussion of the transfer of English law to Maryland, see Lois
Green Carr and David W. Jordan, Maryland's Revolution of Govern-
ment, 1689-1692 (Ithaca, N.Y., 1974), 21-29; Lois Green Carr,
"County Government in Maryland, 1689-1709" (Ph.D. diss., Har-
vard University, 1968), Text, 85-96; and St. George Leakin Sioussat,
The English Statutes in Maryland, The Johns Hopkins University
Studies in Historical and Political Sciences, Series 21, nos. 11-12
(Baltimore, Md., 1903).
(20) For an account of events over these years, see Aubrey C. Land,
Colonial Maryland: A History (Millwood, N.Y., 1981), 33-56. On
Lord Baltimore and the merchants, see Menard, "Economy and
Society in Early Colonial Maryland," 144.
(21) For discussion of these points, see Newton D. Mereness,
Maryland as a Proprietary Province (New York, 1901; reprinted, Cos
Cob, Conn., 1968), 464; Carr and Jordan, Maryland's Revolution of
Government, 202-209, 221.