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Session Laws, 1837
Volume 601, Page 451   View pdf image
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from another State, is not amenable to the penalties
of any law of that State, prohibiting or restraining
his constitutional right, or liable to be demanded as a
fugitive from justice, for asserting that right in con-
travention of such law.
Resolved, That in order to maintain inviolably that
equality of privileges and immunities, to which the
citizens of the Union are entitled under the Constitu-
tion of the United States, the National Judiciary
might to preside, in all cases, in which one State or
its citizens, are opposed to another State or its
Resolved, That to secure the full effect of its funda-
mental provisions against all evasion or subterfuge, it
is necessary that the construction of the Constitution
of the United States, or of questions growing out of
the collision of State laws with the Federal Constitu-
tion, or laws made in pursuance thereof, should be
committed to that tribunal, which, having no local at-
tachments, will be likely to be impartial between the
different States and their citizens, and which owing
its official existence to the Union, will never be likely
to feel any bias inauspicious to the principles on which
it is founded.
Resolved, That the Constitution of the United States
having invested no tribunal with original jurisdiction
in such questions as are at issue between the States
of Maryland and Pennsylvania, in relation to the sur-
render of Nathan S. Bemis and others, an impartial
decision cannot be had in the ordinary course of judi-
cial proceedings, viz. a surrender of the persons de-
manded, a trial by a court of Pennsylvania, and an
appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States,
without withdrawing the protection due to every citi-
zen, as the question would thereby be conceded, and
citizens might be punished before their guilt or inno-
cence could be established by the court of ultimate
Resolved, That his excellency the Governor has ex-
hibited a most commendable solicitude, to render to
the citizens of this State, demanded by the State of
Pennsylvania, all the protection to which they were

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Session Laws, 1837
Volume 601, Page 451   View pdf image
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