2 CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.
Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors
of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the
Age of twenty-five Tears, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of the State in
which he shall be chosen.
1 [Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the
several States which may be included within this Union, according to their
respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole
Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of
Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. ]
The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first
Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent
Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The
Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand,
but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such
enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled
to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Planta-
tions one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania
eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South
Carolina five, and Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Execu-
tive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other
Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
SECTION 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two
Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years;
and each Senator shall have one Vote.
Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first
Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes.
The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expira-
tion of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth
and an explanatory letter. Congress, on the 28th of September, 1787, directed the Con-
stitution so framed, with the resolutions and letter concerning the same, to " be trans-
mitted to the several Legislatures in order to be submitted to a convention of delegates
chosen in each State by the people thereof, in conformity to the resolves of the
On the 4th of March, 1789, the day which had been fixed for commencing the opera-
tions of Government under the new Constitution, it had been ratified by the conven-
tions chosen in each State to consider it, as follows: Delaware, December 7, 1787;
Pennsylvania, December 12, 1787; New Jersey, December 18, 1787; Georgia, January
2, 1788; Connecticut, January 9, 1788; Massachusetts, February 6, 1788; Maryland,
April 28, 1788; South Carolina, May 23, 1788; New Hampshire, June 21, 1788; Virginia,
June 26. 1788; and New York, July 26, 1788.
The President informed Congress, on the 28th of January, 1790, that North Carolina
had ratified the Constitution November 21, 1789; and he informed Congress on the 1st
of June, 1790, that Rhode Island had ratified the Constitution May 29, 1789. Vermont,
in convention, ratified the Constitution January 10, 1791, and was, by an act of Congress
approved February 18, 1791, " received and admitted into this Union as a new and
entire member of the United States. "
1 The clause included in brackets is amended by the fourteenth amendment, second
section, p. 15.